Post-disater Urban Planning

Post-disaster urban planning guide to small municiaplities, Mexico

Post-Cyclone Urban Planning and Governance

Technical support for the development of a methodological guide to small Mexican municipalities for strategic post-earthquake urban planning. Based on  the identification of relevant case studies in Latin America and similar contexts, the guidance document developed includes methodological steps for efficient municipal planning in post-disaster contexts and effective tools for diagnostic and identification of priority areas.

Subcontract for Silvère Jarrot, Humanitarian consultant

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Post-Cyclone Urban Recovery

Study on the post-cyclone urban context in Beira, Mozambique - 2019

Post-Cyclone Urban Recovery

Study on the post-cyclone urban context with the objectives to understand the impact of Cyclone Idai on urban households and communities as well as their shelter coping and self-recovery processes; and provide recommendations to inform the Shelter Cluster response strategy, CARE Mozambique and the COSACA consortium’s shelter response.

With Holly Schofield, Emergency Shelter Researcher, Advisor and Consultant

Study available on the Reliefweb and the Urban response portals

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Urban Resilience in Africa

Final Evaluation of a Urban Resilience program in Lusophone Africa

Urban Resilience in Africa

Evaluation of the Urban Risk Reduction and Resilience Building in Lusophone Africa Project:
Assessment of the achievement of expected accomplishments and performance of the project in increasing technical understanding and knowledge of municipal authorities, and enhanced communication and information exchange between cities and towns in project cities.

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Adequate Urban Housing for Refugees

Study on housing alternatives to camps in Thessaloniki and its surrounding region (Greece)

This study responds to NRC’s request to review possible housing alternatives to camps in Thessaloniki and its surrounding region (Greece). The report is divided into three parts: a context analysis, an urban study and study of the housing market, and recommendations for implementing the “urban housing” component of the NRC project.

The context analysis first highlights the lack of data and information available on the refugee population in Greece, about 13,000 of whom live in camps in the northern regions of the country. These unknowns are consequently hampering international aid organizations’ efforts to move refugees out of the camps and into alternative accommodation. Furthermore, this housing solution itself remains a short-term response that currently mainly focuses on those applying for relocation to Europe, who are predominantly fully-registered refugees.

Client

–      Norwegian Refugee Council

Date

–      2016

The urban study of Thessaloniki reveals a city in crisis. As in the rest of the country, Thessaloniki has been deeply marked by the recession triggered by the 2009 economic crisis and by the austerity measures imposed by the EU that followed. At the urban level, the housing and construction market has been paralyzed , and the development of certain areas of the city has ground to a halt. Yet Thessaloniki remains a relatively mixed city without great social fragmentation that, throughout history, has managed to accommodate several major waves of migration.

The study of different neighborhoods reveals the demographic dynamism of the city’s vast suburbs that contain relatively new housing stock (30% of the total stock built between 1980 and 1995), which is primarily intended for sale (Evosmos, Thermi). The various maps presented in this study provide information on individual neighborhoods, including data on housing. The study also include an interactive map showing the density of urban services within the metropolitan area and in secondary cities. Combining this data reveals a number of potential locations in which to rehouse refugees.

T-Shelters Impact Evaluation

Long Term Impact Evaluation of a T-Shelters Project in Haiti

Five years after their construction, this evaluation has reviewed three main areas of the 1050 T-Shelters project: current shelters and school use and conditions; T-shelter modifications and durability; the long-term impacts for beneficiaries and communities.

Client

–      Handicap International

Date

–      2016

One of the main findings to emerge from our fieldwork is that 80% of the 206 T-shelters visited are still being lived in by their original occupants on their initial site, with this situation being more common among landowners and usufruct beneficiaries than among tenants. A second key finding is that 77% of the T-shelters show no signs of major damage. Modifications to the T-shelter are common as few shelters visited are still as originally built.

 The project has had significant long-term positive impacts on the beneficiaries as, five years after their construction, the vast majority of the T-shelters are still guaranteeing the physical security of people and their belongings and are continuing to provide security of tenure.

Vivre ici ?

A collective portrait of reasons for living in rural areas

Vivre ici ?

This series of photographs could have been called “rurality today”. But what we present here is more of a break out portrait than a uniform vision. During the weeks spent in Graignes-Mesnil Angot, we were struck by the multitude of reasons why the inhabitants live in this county and not elsewhere. With these “photographs of stories”, we have tried to capture the diversity of views expressed by people in the village. This is not a documentary review, but rather an “impressionist” reportage, progressing in a more or less coarse piecemeal fashion to compose an image of that diversity.

We began by collecting stories, memories and anecdotes related to places. By linking these to the pictures, we sought to reveal people’s knowledge and subjective experience of space, a kind of intimate and familiar geography, highlighting both forgotten practices and new uses.

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Post-disaster reconstruction

Analysis of the humanitarian response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake

This study seeks to clarify the reconstruction environment by focusing on the urban context and analyzing some of the major issues specific to Port-au-Prince (land, housing, risks, etc.), as well as by presenting some of the main stakeholders’ strategies and by reviewing the national strategy outlined in 2011. The aim was to enable Solidarités International to more effectively define the scope of its activities in line with its goals, know-how and expertise.

Client

–      Solidarités International

Date

–      2011

Ever since the area was first settled, Port-au-Prince has been continuously rebuilt. At the same time, urban sprawl has increased during each crisis, with urban population growth being linked to the country’s regular hurricanes, earthquakes and political changes. Successive political crises have also played their part by generating a continuous and massive rural exodus, leading to the gradual impoverishment of provinces and strengthening the attraction of the capital.

In 2010, the earthquake on the 12th of January was the latest crisis to hit the city, leaving chaos in its wake: a large part of the city was destroyed, 230,000 people died and 1.5 million were displaced. This report analyzes the various issues related to the reconstruction of the city of Port-au-Prince, the main challenges encountered and some of the urban intervention strategies introduced, particularly those implemented in informal settlements.

Aller et venir

A photographic project about commuting in a rural village

Aller et venir

Is it possible to live without a car in a rural community? This would be difficult, as all daily activities revolve around the car: taking the children to school, going to work, popping into the pharmacy, meeting a friend for coffee, even getting the bread. Walking is only good for Sundays, for aimless walks, for getting some fresh air. The road network has left an indelible mark on territory and geography has made way for new criteria, those of journey times: we must be able to get to Caen in less than an hour, live within twenty minutes of the school, or ten minutes from a supermarket.

Thus, it is often from inside the car that we perceive the landscape, influenced by the speed and layout of the road: the abstract scroll of highway landscapes, the charming crisscross of local roads, our detailed knowledge of our immediate environment of stop signs and red lights. By walking or driving very slowly, we notice elements of the landscape that would otherwise be swallowed up by the speed of the car: the entrance to a path, the harmony of a view, the glimpse of a tower or distant hillside.

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Aceh tsunami : 4 years after

A book about the tsunami reconstruction in Indonesia

Following the devastation caused by the 2004 tsunami, hundreds of NGOs and international organizations arrived in Aceh, on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. A hundred of these organizations initiated a long-term housing reconstruction process to rehouse the 500,000 Acehnese made homeless by the tsunami. In the four years that followed, 140,300 houses were reconstructed thanks to some $7.8 billion collected by the international community and private donors. It was the first time housing reconstruction had ever been such an important part of humanitarian programs.

Editor

–      KARTHALA – URD

Date

–      March 2010

Written after a long field survey, this publication analyzes this vast reconstruction program and, in particular, its impact on the population and the territory of Aceh. It reviews the conditions of ownership and sustainability of the rebuilt houses, focusing on architectural typologies, construction methods and their incremental improvement.

The study also addresses urban planning, land management and economic assistance issues, looking at the transition between the emergency phase and development programs. Focus is on the post-conflict environment in which the reconstruction work took place, namely following the peace agreement signed in 2005 that ended a thirty year guerrilla war between the GAM separatists and the national government.

The book was published in 2010 by KARTHALA - Groupe URD